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Chronology Of Key AU Events

1963 - The Organisation of African Unity is established in Ethiopia by 32 States.

1981 - African Charter on Human and People's Rights adopted in Nairobi, Kenya.

1991 - The treaty establishing the African Economic Community, AEC, is adopted.

1993 - Adoption of the Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution.

1999 - An extraordinary OAU summit in Sirte, Libya establishes the African Union.

2000 - The New Partnership for Africa's Development, NEPAD, agreed in Lusaka, Zambia.

2000 - The Lome OAU Summit adopts the Constitutive Act of the AU.

2001 - The Lusaka OAU Summit draws up the road map for the AU.

2002 - The Durban OAU Summit launches the AU and convenes AU Heads of State.

2007 - First Ugandan troops land in Mogadishu, the Somali capital ahead of an AU force.

2008 February - Jean Ping elected AU Commission Chairman.

2009 - U.N. begins providing logistical support to AU troops in Somalia.

2010 - Al-Shabab loses over 1,000 men in battles with AU's AMISOM troops.

2011 - South Sudan becomes the AU's 54th member.

2011 August - Al-Shabab militants pull out of Mogadishu.

2012 July - Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma elected new AU Commission Chairperson. 

2012 September - Kenyan forces take over the Somali port city of Kismayo from Al-Shabab.

2013 - Al-Shabab greatly weakened, but continues suicide and roadside bomb attacks.